Last Updated on March 9, 2021
You may consider the trampoline as a fairly modern invention but that’s not the truth. Rather first modern trampoline was built in 1936 and the idea of jumping and bouncing on a surface was practiced even in 1922. In short, the trampoline has a fascinating history that every trampoline lover would like to know. Since we are also trampoline lovers like you, we have tried to dive deep into the history of trampolines and know some amazing facts. In this article, we are going to introduce you to some of those trampoline history facts.
Trampoline History Facts: A Fascinating Journey
Early Devices Resembling Trampolines
While studying the trampoline history facts, we discover that trampoline-like devices were familiar even a hundred years ago. The main theme behind the trampoline is jumping on a surface that provides some good bouncing effects from those trampolines.
Blanket Toss Game by Inuit
Inuit meaning “the people” is the plural form of Inuk. Inuit people inhabit the arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska. They have formed a game named Blanket Tossing. In this game, a group of thirty or more people stand in a circular way and hold the edge of large circular walrus skin.
And then one person will climb on top of the skin surface while others will push in on the skin and then pull the skin taut. As a result, the climbing person will literally fly in the air. The game is really full of fun and excitement.
If the flying person falls to land on his feet, his turn is over. And the next person gets the chance to fly in the air. The game is played on the occasion of various festivals and celebrations like spring celebration of whale harvest etc. The first date of playing this game or who is the inventor, history can’t say surely. But we can assure you that, this game has been played since before 1900.
Browder Life Safety Net
Browder Life Safety Net or Jumping Sheet was invented in 1887 and was used during several fires in the 20th Century. This life net was used under proper conditions and allowed people to form upper floors of burning buildings to jump and become safe. And this net and technique saved many lives and gained huge popularity. Later with the advance of firefighting technology, the use of this safety net became obsolete by the 1980s.
Other Formats of Trampoline
Before the invention of the modern trampoline, there was some similar use of modern trampoline with a different setup. Like in Pablo Fanque’s Circus Royal, there was a performance on a springboard that resembles jumping on the trampoline. In the early years of the 20th Century, acrobats used something called “bouncing bed” on the stage to entertain people.
When Was the Trampoline Invented
The credit for modern trampoline goes to George Peter Nissen, an American gymnast, and inventor. The main idea and even the name trampoline came to his mind in 1930. Since then he was continuously trying to develop a workable prototype of a trampoline. And finally, Nissen along with his coach Larry Griswold built the first viable prototype of trampoline in 1934 using angle iron, canvas bed, and rubber springs. So in short, the modern trampoline was invented in 1934.
A Little Bit about George Nissen
George Nissen literally dedicated his whole life to improving the trampoline model, popularizing the use of trampoline, and training kids on jumping over the trampoline. So trampoline history is related to this dedicated man greatly.
Nissen was born in Blairstown, Iowa. He was really gifted in gymnasts and was a keen gymnast from high school. He won three NCAA gymnastics championships while he was a student at Iowa University. He has seen trapeze artists performing and using safety net as an elastic bed to rebound and perform amazing tricks. He considered that net as a potential tool for his tumbling.
Idea of Trampoline
The idea of the trampoline came to Nissen’s mind from the safety net used by trapeze artists for rebounding. And the name trampoline came from the Spanish term “trampolín”, which means diving board. Nissen heard the word on a demonstration tour in Mexico in the late 1930s. The first prototype was built by Nissen and his coach Larry Griswold in 1936. Nissen used it to train and entertain kids at summer camp.
After graduating in 1937 he went on an exhibition tour in Mexico. After finalizing the name of his tumbling gear, he trademarked the name “Trampoline”. He then built a few trampolines and promoted them by touring performance. His promotion did really well and sales increased gradually. In 1941, he and Griswold formed the “Griswold-Nissen Trampoline and Tumbling Company” in Iowa.
A Journey for the Trampoline
After World War II Nissen continued his journey to promote the trampoline and started touring in Europe and later in the Soviet Union. In 1956 he set up a manufacturing plant for his company in England with another trampoline pioneer Ted Blake. The trampoline manufacturing was quite successful for several years. But by the late 1970s, other trampoline brands started making similar products and the trademarked word “trampoline” became a generic word for rebounding apparatus. Finally, Nissen’s company ceased operations in 1980.
The Dream Came True
Nissen continued his journey to influence the gymnastics and trampolining until his death. He had always dreamt to have trampolining included in the Olympic games. His long-cherished dream came true in the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. 86 years old, Nissen attended that Olympic with his daughter Dian Nissen. Next, he attended the Beijing Olympic in 2008 with Dian and his grandson. He was honored by a request to test the Olympic trampoline before the event. And finally, this nobleman died in 2010 at the age of 96 with a very meaningful life.
Evolution of the Application of Trampolines
Though the trampoline was designed from the idea of gymnastics and its targeted audience was mainly the performers and children. Yet we find some less conventional application of trampolines.
Trampolines During World War II
You may wonder how come trampoline is related to wars. Yes, that’s true. During World War II, United States Navy Flight School adopted the use of trampolines in the training modules of pilots and navigators. They did this to allow the trainees for concentrated practice in a spatial orientation which was not possible before. This practice allowed the pilots to master necessary turns and flips during the time of necessity and eliminate the fear of heights. Additionally, it strengthened their muscles and improved body control greatly.
Trampolines and Nasa: Space Training
A young pilot, Scott Carpenter went under the trampoline training during World War II. At the end of the war, he was introduced to Nissen. They both were from the navy and had a great bond. Together, they helped to introduce the trampoline into space training at NASA. Out of great enthusiasm, they formed a game named Spaceball which is referred to as the “best conditioning exercise for space travel”.
In this game, two people would face off on a three-sided trampoline. In the middle, there will be a frame with a hole. The competitors will bounce and try to throw the ball through the hole. The other one has to stop the ball to stop the component from scoring a point.
Trampolines in the Olympics
Trampoline was first introduced in the Olympics in 2000. Since then it has been a great exciting and challenging sport of Olympic. This decision of bringing the trampoline to the Olympics was taken by IOC Executive Board in 1997. In Sydney, the trampoline entered the Olympics with men’s and women’s competition.
Trampolines in Modern Days
Nowadays, trampolines are no longer confined to gymnastics only rather, they are widely found in the backyards and other places. People jump on trampolines for fun and joy, kids love jumping on them. With time, trampoline construction has changed a lot. Now the trampolines come with age limit, weight limits, enclosure net, zipping system, and even with a ladder. Some trampolines come with a basketball hoop too.
Additionally, they are available in various shapes like rectangular trampolines, square trampolines, round-shaped trampolines, octagonal trampolines, and so on. Even you can have a water trampoline to enjoy the summer. There are gymnastics trampolines, exercise trampolines, mini trampolines, and rebounders. Actually, you will get whelmed with the variations of trampolines.
The first trampoline parks dated back to the early 1960s and now you can find trampoline parks near your house. They are very common and popular with kids. Seeing the usage of trampoline in modern times, it is really hard to related trampolines with World War II and NASA.
These were some of the trampoline history facts, we are really happy to share with you. We are quite sure that genuine trampoline lovers will be surprised to know those facts. It is a great habit to know the behind stories of our favorite things. We hope you are really delighted after going through the facts.